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Birds of Doñana

complete lists

The list of birds of Doñana can vary widely depending on the extent of the study area and the parameters used for listing the species. In our case we will offer you a practical list based more on our field experience than scientific studies, including areas of ornithological interest near the Doñana Natural Site, but excluding on purpose a number of occasional and accidental species, whose probability of observation while visiting Doñana is very low. A total of 271 species are listed for Doñana plus another 23 for the nearby region.

We have grouped them into two main groups, a spring list that includes those birds that can be observed from March to September and a winter list that includes those that can be observed from October to February. Every species is categorized with the degree of difficulty of sighting during one of our tours with the help of one of our expert guides. Thus, very difficult or very unlikely to find are associated to the letter D, the unlikely or difficult to the d, probable or easy to the e and very likely or very easy to the letter E.

Spring- Summer ( from march to september )

Spring is one of the best times of year for bird watching in Doñana, not only for the beauty of the environment, but also for the composition of our bird list, which includes a number of species that restrict distribution to southern areas in the continent. A total of 213 species.

IOC World Bird List names
        updated 2016
0
species
E Mallard
e Gadwall
d Pintail (northern)
E Shoveler (northern)
D Marbled duck
d Teal (eurasian)
E Pochard (common)
E Red-crested pochard
D Ferruginous duck
d White-headed duck
e Red-legged partridge
d Quail (common)
e Black-necked grebe
E Little grebe
E Great crested grebe
D Bittern (great)
e Little bittern
E Night heron (bl.-cr.)
E Cattle egret
E Squacco heron
D Reef egret (western)
E Little egret
e Great white egret
E Grey heron
E Purple heron
E White stork
E Glossy ibis
e Spoonbill (eurasian)
E Flamingo (greater)
e Griffon vulture (eur.)
D Black vulture
d Egyptian vulture
d Spanish imperial eagle
e Short-toed eagle
E Booted eagle
e Red kite
E Black kite
e Marsh harrier (west.)
e Montagu’s harrier
e Common buzzard
D Goshawk (northern)
e Black-winged kite
E Kestrel (common)
E Lesser kestrel
d Peregrine falcon
d Water rail
D Spotted crake
D Little crake
D Baillon’s crake
E Moorhen (common)
E Coot (eurasian)
e Red-knobbed coot
E Purple swamphen
e Avocet (pied)
E Black-winged stilt
e Stone curlew
E Collared pratincole
e Little ringed plover
e Kentish plover
e Lapwing (northern)
e Green sandpiper
e Common sandpiper
e Redshank (common)
d Spotted redshank
e Greenshank
e Black-tailed godwit
D Red-necked phalarope
e Ruff
d Great skua
d Pomarine skua
d Arctic skua
e Black-headed gull
d Slender-billed gull
d Yellow-legged gull
d Audouin’s gull
e Lesser black-backed
D Little gull
e Little tern
E Sandwich tern
E Gull-billed tern
e Caspian tern
E Whiskered tern
e Pin-tailed sandgr.
E Wood pigeon (comm.)
E Collared dove (eur.)
e Turtle dove
D Eagle owl (eurasian)
D Long-eared owl
d Tawny owl
d Barn owl
e Little owl
d Great spotted cuckoo
e Cuckoo (common)
E Red-necked nightjar
e Swift (common)
e Pallid swift
E Hoopoe (eurasian)
d Kingfisher (common)
E Bee-eater
d Iberian green woodp.
d Great spotted woodp.
d Lesser spotted woodp
d Wryneck (eurasian)
E Crested lark
e Thekla lark
e Woodlark
E Short-toed lark (gr.)
e Lesser short-toed l.
E Calandra lark
d Sand martin (comm.)
E Barn swallow
e Red-rumped swallow
E House martin (com.)
E Span. yellow wagtail
E Nightingale (com.)
e Rufous bush robin
d Black-eared wheatear
e Stonechat (common)
d Mistle thrush
E Blackbird (common)
d Blackcap (eurasian)
E Sardinian warbler
e Spectacled warbler
e Dartford warbler
E Zitting cisticola
D Grasshopper warbler
e Savi’s warbler
E Cetti’s warbler
e Reed warbler
E Great reed warbler
e Isabelline warbler
E Melodious warbler
e Iberian chiffchaff
d Firecrest
D Goldcrest
e Wren
d Spotted flycatcher
d Pied flycatcher
E Great tit
E Blue tit (european)
e Crested tit
e Long-tailed tit
e Penduline tit (eur.)
E Short-toed treecr.
e Iberian grey shrike
E Woodchat shrike
E Iberian magpie
E Magpie (common)
E Jackdaw (western)
e Raven (common)
E Spotless starling
e Golden oriole (eur.)
E House sparrow
E Spanish sparrow
e Tree sparrow (eura.)
d Rock sparrow (comm.)
d Yellow-crow. bishop
e Common waxbill
d Black-rumped waxbill
E Chaffinch (common)
e Linnet (common)
E Goldfinch (european)
E Greenfinch (europ.)
E Serin (common)
d Bullfinch
d Hawfinch
d Cirl bunting
E Corn bunting

Passage species ( march-may and august-september)

Besides the usual species, we can also find at this time of year unusual breeding species for Doñana, and late wintering species that can be seen on migration between March and May or early wintering that can be seen from August to September.

0
species
e Garganey
d Egyptian vulture
d Honey buzzard (euro.)
D Hobby
E Ringed plover
E Grey plover
D Dotterel (eurasian)
e Golden plover (eur.)
e Knot (red)
d Sanderling
d Turnstone (ruddy)
E Dunlin
e Curlew sandpiper
D Temminck´s stint
E Little stint
d Bar-tailed godwit
e Wood sandpiper
d Curlew (eurasian)
d Whimbrel
E Snipe (common)
d Common tern
D Arctic tern
D Lesser-crested tern
e Black tern
e White-winged tern
D Nightjar (european)
d Alpine swift
d Roller (european)
d Tree pipit
d Tawny pipit
d White wagtail
E Redstart (common)
E Wheatear (northern)
E Whinchat
D Rock thrush
E Garden warbler
e Whitethroat (comm.)
D Orphean warbler (w.)
e Subalpine warbler
e Sedge warbler
D Aquatic warbler
E Willow warbler
D Wood warbler
D Western Bonelli’s w.
d Ortolan bunting

Spring – Summer in the region

Then we have other additional species that can be found in the near region to Doñana and species already listed above but whose probability increases in that area.

0
species
e White-headed duck
d Marbled teal
e Bald ibis
E Black vulture
d Golden eagle
d Bonelli’s eagle
e Little bustard
e Great bustard
e Sanderling
e Turnstone
e Bar-tailed godwit
e Black-bellied sandgr
E Rock dove
e Rose-ringed parakeet
e Monk parakeet
e Eagle owl (eurasian)
d Scops owl (eurasian)
D White-rumped swift
D Little swift
e Roller (european)
E Crag martin (euras.)
E White wagtail
E Robin (european)
e Redstart (common)
e Black wheatear
e Mistle thrush
e Blue rock thrush
E Nuthatch (eurasian)
E Jay (eurasian)
e Chough (red-billed)
e Carrion crow
e Rock sparrow
e Rock bunting

Autumn – Winter ( from october to february )

In winter Doñana gets a lot of birds that, coming from central and northern Europe, decide to come down to more southerly latitudes where they find better living conditions. Doñana offer very good birding opportunities and a large variety of waterfowl, raptors and passerines, concentrated in a relatively small and accessible area in a short period of time. A total of 234 species.

D Snow goose
d White-fronted goose
d Lesser white-fronted
d Bean goose
d Pink-footed goose
E Greylag goose
d Bar-headed goose
d Canada goose
d Barnacle goose
d Brent goose
e Shelduck (common)
d Ruddy shelduck
E Mallard
E Gadwall
E Pintail (northern)
E Shoveler (northern)
e Wigeon (eurasian)
d Marbled duck
E Teal (eurasian)
E Pochard (common)
e Red-crested pochard
D Ferruginous duck
d Tufted duck
e Common scoter
d White-headed duck
E Red-legged partridge
e Black-necked grebe
E Little grebe
e Great crested grebe
d Cory’s shearwater
d Balearic shearwater
d Europ. storm petrel
d Leach’s storm petrel
E Gannet
E Cormorant (great)
d Bittern (great)
e Night heron (bl-crow)
E Cattle egret
d Squacco heron
D Reef egret (western)
E Little egret
E Great white egret
E Grey heron
D Purple heron
E Black stork
E White stork
E Glossy ibis
e Spoonbill (eurasian)
E Flamingo (greater)
e Griffon vulture (eur.)
D Black vulture
d Osprey
d Spanish imperial eagle
d Booted eagle
D Bonelli´s eagle
e Red kite
E Marsh harrier (west.)
e Hen harrier
E Common buzzard
d Sparrowhawk (eura.)
e Black-winged kite
E Kestrel (common)
e Lesser kestrel
d Peregrine falcon
d Merlin
d Water rail
D Spotted crake
D Little crake
D Baillon’s crake
E Moorhen (common)
E Coot (eurasian)
d Red-knobbed coot
e Purple swamphen
E Crane (common)
d Little bustard
E Oystercatcher (eura.)
e Avocet (pied)
E Black-winged stilt
e Stone curlew
E Little ringed plover
E Ringed plover (com.)
E Kentish plover
E Golden plover (euro.)
E Lapwing (northern)
d Knot (red)
E Sanderling
D Turnstone (ruddy)
E Dunlin
d Curlew sandpiper
D Temminck’s stint
E Little stint
d Wood sandpiper
E Green sandpiper
E Common sandpiper
E Redshank (common)
e Spotted redshank
E Greenshank (com.)
D Marsh sandpiper
E Black-tailed godwit
d Bar-tailed godwit
d Curlew (eurasian)
d Whimbrel
D Woodcock
E Snipe (common)
D Jack snipe
E Ruff
d Great skua
d Pomarine skua
d Arctic skua
E Black-headed gull
d Slender-billed gull
E Yellow-legged gull
E Audouin’s gull
D Great black-backed g.
E Less. black-backed g.
D Little tern
E Sandwich tern
e Caspian tern
d Razorbill
d Pin-tailed sandgrouse
D Stock dove
E Wood pigeon (comm.)
E Collared dove (eura.)
D Eagle owl (eurasian)
e Barn owl
E Little owl
d Tawny owl
e Short-eared owl
D Long-eared owl
e Hoopoe (eurasian)
e Kingfisher (common)
d Iberian green woodp.
d Great spotted woodp.
d Lesser spotted wood.
d Wryneck (eurasian)
E Skylark (common)
E Crested lark
e Thekla lark
e Woodlark
e Lesser short-toed l.
E Calandra lark
d Barn swallow
D Red-rumped swallow
d House martin (com.)
D Richard’s pipit
d Water pipit
E Meadow pipit
E White wagtail
D Yellow wagtail
d Grey wagtail
d Dunnock
E Robin (european)
e Bluethroat
E Black redstart
E Stonechat (common)
E Song thrush
d Redwing
d Fieldfare
d Mistle thrush
E Blackbird (common)
D Ring ouzel
E Blackcap (eurasian)
E Sardinian warbler
d Spectacled warbler
e Dartford warbler
E Zitting cisticola
E Cetti’s warbler
E Chiffchaff (common)
d Firecrest
D Goldcrest
e Wren
E Great tit
E Blue tit (european)
e Crested tit
e Long-tailed tit
e Penduline tit (eura.)
E Short-toed treecr.
E Iberian grey shrike
E Iberian magpie
E Magpie (common)
E Jackdaw (western)
E Raven (common)
e Starling (common)
E Spotless starling
E House sparrow
E Spanish sparrow
e Tree sparrow (eura.)
d Rock sparrow (com.)
d Yellow-crow. bishop
e Common waxbill
d Black-rumped waxbill
E Chaffinch (common)
E Linnet (common)
E Goldfinch (european)
E Greenfinch (euro.)
d Siskin (eurasian)
E Serin (common)
d Bullfinch (eurasian)
d Hawfinch
d Reed bunting (com.)
E Corn bunting

Passage species (february-march and october-november)

Besides the usual wintering species, we can also find in Doñana a number of species found only or primarily on passage.

0
species
e Garganey
d Egyptian vulture
d Honey buzzard (euro.)
d Goshawk
D Hobby
E Grey plover
D Dotterel (eurasian)
d Common tern
D Arctic tern
D Lesser-crested tern
d Black tern
e White-winged tern
e Great spot. cuckoo
D Nightjar (european)
d Alpine swift
d Roller (european)
d Tawny pipit
e Redstart (common)
e Wheatear (northern)
E Whinchat
D Rock thrush
E Garden warbler
e Whitethroat (com.)
D Orphean warbler (w.)
E Subalpine warbler
e Sedge warbler
D Aquatic warbler
E Willow warbler
D Wood warbler
D Western Bonelli’s w.
E Spotted flycatcher
E Pied flycatcher

Autumn – Winter in the region

Then we have other additional species that can be found in the region near Doñana and (in italics) species already listed above but whose probability increases in that area.

0
species
e White-headed duck
d Marbled teal
d Red-breas. merganser
e Bald ibis (northern)
e Black vulture (eura)
d Golden eagle
d Bonelli’s eagle
e Little bustard
e Great bustard
E Grey plover
E Turnstone (ruddy)
E Bar-tailed godwit
e Slender-billed gull
D Kittiwake(black-leg)
d Black-bellied sandgr
e Rock dove
e Rose-ringed parakeet
e Monk parakeet
e Eagle owl (eurasian)
e Crag martin (euras.)
e Black wheatear
e Blue rock thrush
e Nuthatch (eurasian)
e Jay (eurasian)
e Chough (red-billed)
e Carrion crow
d Brambling
e Rock bunting
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