Located south of Huelva province , at the confluence of Tinto and Odiel rivers, north-west of Doñana, the meeting between fresh and salt water has led to a complex of marshes influenced by tides, known as Odiel Marshes.
The channels of both rivers bring a large amounts of sediments loaded with nutrients which are the main staple food for the birds that inhabit this natural area. These strong forces generate islands separated by water channels as Enmedio Island, Saltés Island and Bacuta Island. These saline substrates determine the prevalence of species of halophytes such as pickleweed or cordgrass, the real determiner of the ecology and landscape of these marshes.
Part of its ecological wealth is the variety of landscapes. From tidal marshes to lagoons as that of Batán and Taraje, from sandy beaches like that of Espigón to forests like El Almendral, El Acebuchal and La Cascajera. The old salt pans of the traditional Salinas de Bacuta and the most modern of Salinas Aragonesas increase this variety of suitable habitats for birds.
This is the second most important wetland in the region and stands out especially for its communities of migratory and wintering birds. On Isla de Enmedio, declared a Natural Reserve, we have one of the largest European breeding colonies of spoonbills. Furthermore this natural area today supports several nesting pairs of osprey.
Associated with these marshes we also visit often the Laguna de El Portil, a small coastal lagoon that offers a few interesting species of birds plus the always impressive common chameleon; Lagunas de las Madres and Palos, flanked by refineries and strawberry fields; the Estero de Domingo Rubio, near the Monastery of La Rabida, a major point of cultural interest; Rio Tinto, where you can find some complementary species of passerines and raptors.
Featured species: osprey, marsh harrier, spoonbill, flamingo, red-knobbed coot, avocet, audouin’s gull, sandwich tern, kentish plover, black-eared wheatear, blue rock thrush, crag martin, little swift, golden oriole.
he gave us a very informative dissertation
on folk customs, botany, zoology,
environmental sustainability ... well, even
children talked later about how many
things they learned and how easy
was to understand him.”
– Fátima García –
Antonio in Doñana. It is appreciated when
people love their work, enjoy teaching
others all they know and do not have any
hurry to finish. And furthermore the
equipment was just perfect, telescope, binos
and field guides were of a great help to us.”
– Pedro Dámaso –
was the highlight of our visit to
Andalusia. Not only for the 100 species
of birds we saw, but also because of the
interesting information from the guide
on Doñana’s ecology and history. It was
an unforgettable experience for us.”
– Andrea Owen & Martin Holmes –
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